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Different types of accounts have different tax consequences. Let’s talk about those advantages and disadvantages in different types of accounts and how you use them (or don’t) in your retirement planning.

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Show Notes For This Episode

On this episode of Saving the American Dream, we’re talking about tax consequences and what advantages and disadvantages you might have with them in your retirement planning.

Tax-deferred accounts

These are accounts most people are familiar with. We’re talking about 401ks, IRAs, pensions, business equity, etc., where you defer paying taxes until you pull out the money.

When you pull the money out, you’re going to pay ordinary income tax on whatever tax rates are at the time that you pull it out and whatever tax bracket you’re in at the time.

The pro is you’re only going to get taxed one time on it, which is going to be in the future. So you’re able to kick that tax consequence down the road. A con is that it’s not liquid. You have limited access to the money that you have in tax-deferred accounts.

For example, you have to pay a penalty and income tax to pull the money out before age 59.5, which is when you’re able to start pulling that money out with no penalty. Then you have required minimum distributions, which is another con once you’re 72.5. Then you have to start taking income out of it and paying income tax on that money that you pull out.

If you want to leave your retirement account or your tax-deferred retirement accounts for legacy purposes to your children or grandchildren, this is not a great asset for that. But if we’re talking about business equity or real estate equity, that’s a different situation.

Tax-free accounts

An example of this is a Roth IRA. There aren’t a lot of downsides to it. But if you end up being in a lower tax bracket and tax rates are lower when you pull the money out, that could be a disadvantage. That’s not likely to happen, though, because taxes will likely be higher.

Another disadvantage is you have limited liquidity on Roth IRAs and can’t touch it till you’re 59.5 without paying a penalty.

Listen to the full podcast or use the timestamps below to jump to a specific section.

Navigating the Show

[5:26] Tax-deferred accounts

[9:45] Tax-free accounts

[12:05] Taxable account

[15:46 ] CDs

[17:45] Life insurance


A lot of people just enjoy not paying the taxes early, but it might not be the best decision for you over the long term.

– Michael Schulte